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Golden Rock

Kyikhtiyo Pagoda

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About halfway between Thaton and Bago lies the town of Kyaikhto , famous for its Pagoda situated east of the town at the end of a 10 km
( 6miles) long footpath. This landmark is the Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda –Called " The Golden Rock " .


Kyaikhtiyo pagoda is located in the small town called Kyaikhto, in the Mon State. This destination is 160km away from Yangon. The pagoda is 1100km above sea-level. It is a 11 kilometer uphill climb for the hikers from Kinpun base camp. There is also a steep winding road for 4-wheel drive cars from the base to the nearest point of the pagodas. The pagoda is also known as "the golden rock".

 The meaning of Kyaik Hti Yo

According to Mon tradition, the name is a corruption of Kyaik-ithi--yo being derived as follows. In Mon language the word "Kyaik" means " pagoda" and " yo" " to carry on the hermits head", in Pali the word" ithi" means a hermit and therefore the name means " the pagoda carried on the hermit's head.


The pagoda, about 18 feet high, and 50 feet in girth. is situated on the hill of the same name on the ridge between Sittaung and Thanlwin. It is built on a huge, almost egg- shaped, rounded granitoid boulder perched on the very summit of a projecting and shelving tabular rock, which in itself is separated several feet from the mountain by a rent or chasm, now spanned by a small foot bridge of iron and on the further side drops perpendicularly into a valley blow.




It is said that the boulder has been over 2500 years. The tradition is that after the hermit had obtained the hair from the Buddha, he was carrying it on his head inside his hair knot till he found a boulder which resembled his head, and so he built the pagoda on its enshrining the relic, substituting the boulder for his over head.

On the extreme verge of this sloping rock table, and actually over hanging it by nearly half, is perched this wonderful boulder (now completely gilded with gold), thirty feet high and surrounded by the pagoda. By gently rocking the boulder a thread can be passed underneath; seemingly appears as if the additional weight of a few pounds, or a strong wind, would send it sliding down from the place it has occupied for unknown centuries watching over three thousand feet into the sloping valley beneath and we know what freakish law keeps it in its position. Anyway pious Buddhists attribute it to the power of the relic enshrined in the pagoda.
This relic is a hair of Gotama Buddha given to a hermit residing on the mountain by the Buddha himself as he was returning from the second heaven of the Nats whither he had gone to preach the law to his mother.


It is of considerable celebrity and attracts crowds of worshippers annually beginning from October to March which is the seasonal pilgrimage period for worshippers Especially on the full moon day of Tabaung, the platform of the pagoda is lighted with ninety thousand candles offered to the Buddha and thousands of worshippers gather around the pagoda offering fruits, foods incense to the Buddha. Sometimes reflected rays of color from the Buddha's image were said to have been observed by the worshipers.

 Kyaikhtiyo Wildlife Sanctuary

This wild life sanctuary was established in 1998. It covers a total area of 180.05 Sq. km. It is situated in Tropical Rain forest type. Recorded birds are only 50 species, the others are not yet recorded. Highlight species that can be found are Great Hornbill, Oriental Pied Hornbill, Blue-throated Barbet, Vernal Hanging Parrot, Germain's Swiftlet, Pin-tailed Green Pigeon, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch , Black-headed Bulbul, Streak-eared Bulbul and Black-throated Laughing thrush. Other mammals such as :
Goral, Gaur, Sambhur Deer, Bear and Monkey can also be seen. There are also about 50 species of butterflies. Trekking at Mt. Kyaikhtiyo can also be enjoyed. The distance is 1,102m.


Yangon – Kyaikhtiyo

Yangon is linked with big cities and towns by air, by car and by train in Myanmar . You can go to Kyaikhto by train or by the 200 km road by car via Bago. Direct drive to Kimmunsakan ( Base camp of Kyaikhtiyo ) and By Car is more easily to get there. OR by train , you will take off the Kyaikhto Rail Station and then take a car to the kimmunsakan . The distance from Kyaikhto to the base camp Kimmunsakhan is 12 km.

 Kimmusakhan ( Base Camp Of Kyaikhtiyo – Up Area )

In the old days, the only route to get to the pagoda was by a 12 km. hike through the jungle. There are about 20 camps along the tract and on the way there are stalls in which tea, cold drinks and fruits are available. The whole route is sheltered from the sun by the jungle canopy.
For quicker access and for convenience sake a new road has been cut through the jungle from the base camp to the foot of the Kyaikhtiyo ridge. To reach the Pagoda from Kin Pun base camp, take a open truck up a bumpy track to Ye the daung Camp (45 mins drive ) and hiking up to mountain top take about next 45 minutes .For Old ages , Sedan chair carried by 4 men to up area can be arranged .

Where To Stay

1. Golden Rock Hotel ( **)

Location : Near Ye The Daung ( 45 mins walk to Up area)
Address : Near Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda, Kyaikhto Township, Mon State
Tel          : 95-35-70174

2. Kyaikhto( **)

Location : Quite Close to Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda
Address : Near Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda, Kyaikhto Township, Mon State
Tel          : 951-4410336, 959-99-213100

3. Mountain View (**)

Location : Quite Close to Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda
Address : Seikphu Foot Hill, Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda Road, Kyaikhto Township, Mon State
Tel          : 951-524613, 525146, 707115


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